© Barns Green - A Local History of The Great War 2014
March: Second Battle of the Somme marked by the German Spring Offensive. The Germans attack along a 50 mile front south of
March: The German offensive along the River Scarpe is halted at great loss. The American Expeditionary Force plays a vital role in
April: The German Spring Offensive halts outside Amiens as British and Australian forces hold the line. The Second Battle of the
July: The Second Battle of the Marne marks the final phase of the German Spring Offensive. Allied counter attacks inflict
unsustainable German casualties. The defeat leads to the cancellation of the planned invasion of Flanders and puts the Germans on the
August: The Second Battle of Amiens begins. German resistance is sporadic and thousands surrender. Fighting is now defined by
mobility as the lines of trenches are breached.
September: The Great British Offensive on the Cambrai Front leads to the storming of the Hindenburg Line. The Battle of St Quentin
- British and American troops launch devastating offensives, piercing the Hindenburg Line along the Canal Du Nord and St Quentin
and Le Cateau. Over 10,000 Germans are captured.
October: The British launch a night attack with all three of their armies, the First, the Second and the Fourth. This time the British
advance six miles in two days. The British are now 20 miles behind the rear of the Hindenburg Line.
October: The Turkish army surrenders to the British in Mesopotamia. Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies. Fighting ceases the
November: Austria-Hungary signs an armistice with the Allies.
November: The Commander of the Allied Forces, Ferdinand Foch, hosts
Armistice negotiations between the Allies and Germany in his railway
carriage HQ at Compiègne.
November: Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates and flees to Holland.
November: Armistice Day: The Armistice is signed at 5.00am and
comes into effect at 11.00am. At 10.57am Canadian Private George
Lawrence Price is killed while on patrol in Canal du Centre. He is the last
soldier to die in action on the Western Front.
A Brief Timeline of the Great War - Key Events 1918