21st March: Second Battle of the Somme marked by the German Spring Offensive. The Germans attack along a 50 mile front south of Arras.28th March: The German offensive along the River Scarpe is halted at great loss. The American Expeditionary Force plays a vital role in the battle.5th April: The German Spring Offensive halts outside Amiens as British and Australian forces hold the line. The Second Battle of the Somme ends.15th July: The Second Battle of the Marne marks the final phase of the German Spring Offensive. Allied counter attacks inflict unsustainable German casualties. The defeat leads to the cancellation of the planned invasion of Flanders and puts the Germans on the defensive.8th August: The Second Battle of Amiens begins. German resistance is sporadic and thousands surrender. Fighting is now defined by mobility as the lines of trenches are breached.27th September: The Great British Offensive on the Cambrai Front leads to the storming of the Hindenburg Line. The Battle of St Quentin - British and American troops launch devastating offensives, piercing the Hindenburg Line along the Canal Du Nord and St Quentin Canal.8thOctober: The Allies advance along a 20 mile front from St Quentin to Cambrai and drive the Germans back 3 miles, taking Cambrai and Le Cateau. Over 10,000 Germans are captured.23rd October: The British launch a night attack with all three of their armies, the First, the Second and the Fourth. This time the British advance six miles in two days. The British are now 20 miles behind the rear of the Hindenburg Line.30th October: The Turkish army surrenders to the British in Mesopotamia. Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies. Fighting ceases the following day.3rd November: Austria-Hungary signs an armistice with the Allies.8th November: The Commander of the Allied Forces, Ferdinand Foch, hosts Armistice negotiations between the Allies and Germany in his railway carriage HQ at Compiègne.9th November: Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates and flees to Holland.11th November: Armistice Day: The Armistice is signed at 5.00am and comes into effect at 11.00am. At 10.57am Canadian Private George Lawrence Price is killed while on patrol in Canal du Centre. He is the last soldier to die in action on the Western Front.
A Brief Timeline of the Great War - Key Events 1918