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© Barns Green - A Local History of The Great War 2014
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Arthur Percy Phillips (1882-1916) - Leading Stoker 309511    Arthur   Phillips    left   school   in   1895   to   go   to   work   on   local   farms   and   by   1901   he   was   working   as   a   carter   on   a   farm   in   Horsham.   In 1906 in response to a recruitment drive, he joined the Royal Navy. In   the   Royal   Navy,   Arthur   was   regarded   as   a   “dependable   crewman”.   He   joined   the   submarine   service   in   April   1910   and   then   served   on a   number   of   shore   establishments   and   support   vessels   before   ending   up   actually   serving   on   submarines.   He   worked   as   a   Stoker   from the   outset   and   in   1914   he   was   promoted   to   Acting   Leading   Stoker   and   this   promotion   was   made   permanent   in   1915.   He   served   as   a Leading   Stoker   aboard   HM   Submarine   E18   from   May   1915.   He   was   a   crew   member   when   the   submarine   was   sent   to   the   Baltic   a   year later to become part of a small flotilla tasked with disrupting German shipments from Sweden. In   the   picture   of   the   crew   of   E18   shown   to   the   right,   Arthur   is   front row, 2 nd  from right E18   left   its   base   in   the   Russian   port   of   Reveal,   Estonia   on   the   evening of   25 th    May   and   headed   west.   On   the   26 th    May   it   was   reported   that she   had   successfully   torpedoed   a   German   war   ship.   It   is   believed   that the   submarine   then   struck   a   mine   on   its   return   journey   to   port.   The records   show   that   E18   was   lost   at   sea   on   or   after   26 th    May   1916   (the date   has   now   been   confirmed   as   2 nd    June)   and   the   crew   were   officially listed as dead on 11 th  June 1916. E18    was    the    only    E-class    submarine    to    have    been    lost    on    active service   in   the   Baltic   –   the   rest   were   scuttled   to   avoid   capture   in   1918. She   was   found   in   2009   close   to   the   Estonian   Island   of   Hilumaa   by   a Swedish   marine   survey   company   in   conjunction   with   Darren   Brown, great-grandson of crew member Albert Robinson. As   a   result   of   the   finding   of   the   wreck   Arthur   is   commemorated   not   only   on   the   Itchingfield   War   Memorial,   the   Horsham   War Memorial   and   the   Portsmouth   Naval   Memorial.,   but   also   on   a   newly   erected   Memorial   in   the   Church   of   the   Holy   Spirit   in   Tallin, Estonia. Arthur   was   awarded   the   1914/15   Star,   the   British   War   Medal   and   the   Victory   Medal   for   his   service.   He   was   also   awarded   the   Russian Cross of St. George 4 th  Class, but due to the turmoil in the country after the war, most likely did not receive it.   Arthur’s service record survives and can be found online on both Ancestry or Findmypast  or at the National Archives in Kew.
The Fallen