Arthur Percy Phillips (1882-1916) - Leading Stoker 309511Arthur Phillipsleft school in 1895 to go to work on local farms and by 1901 he was working as a carter on a farm in Horsham. In 1906 in response to a recruitment drive, he joined the Royal Navy. In the Royal Navy, Arthur was regarded as a “dependable crewman”. He joined the submarine service in April 1910 and then served on a number of shore establishments and support vessels before ending up actually serving on submarines. He worked as a Stoker from the outset and in 1914 he was promoted to Acting Leading Stoker and this promotion was made permanent in 1915. He served as a Leading Stoker aboard HM Submarine E18 from May 1915. He was a crew member when the submarine was sent to the Baltic a year later to become part of a small flotilla tasked with disrupting German shipments from Sweden. In the picture of the crew of E18 shown to the right, Arthur is front row, 2nd from rightE18 left its base in the Russian port of Reveal, Estonia on the evening of 25thMay and headed west. On the 26thMay it was reported that she had successfully torpedoed a German war ship. It is believed that the submarine then struck a mine on its return journey to port. The records show that E18 was lost at sea on or after 26thMay 1916 (the date has now been confirmed as 2ndJune) and the crew were officially listed as dead on 11th June 1916. E18 was the only E-class submarine to have been lost on active service in the Baltic – the rest were scuttled to avoid capture in 1918. She was found in 2009 close to the Estonian Island of Hilumaa by a Swedish marine survey company in conjunction with Darren Brown, great-grandson of crew member Albert Robinson.As a result of the finding of the wreck Arthur is commemorated not only on the Itchingfield War Memorial, the Horsham War Memorial and the Portsmouth Naval Memorial., but also on a newly erected Memorial in the Church of the Holy Spirit in Tallin, Estonia.Arthur was awarded the 1914/15 Star, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal for his service. He was also awarded the Russian Cross of St. George 4th Class, but due to the turmoil in the country after the war, most likely did not receive it.Arthur’s service record survives and can be found online on both Ancestry or Findmypast or at the National Archives in Kew.