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© Barns Green - A Local History of The Great War 2014
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Walter de Horne Robinson MC (1888-1917) -Temp Capt Border Regiment Walter   de   Horne   Robinson    was   born   on   the   30 th    October   1888   in   Streatham,   Surrey,   the   son   of   John   William   Robinson,   a   Shipping Agent and Insurance Broker, and his wife Amy Gertrude (nee Barrington). The   family   was   obviously   well   off   and   Walter   was   educated   privately   at   Sunningdale   School   and   then   Marlborough   College   before studying   for   a   Classics   BA   at   Peterhouse,   Cambridge   from   1907   to   1911.   Although   his   three   older   brothers   took   up   professions   similar   to their   father   –   the   1901   census   find   them   involved   in   shipping,   law   and   finance   –   Walter   decided   to   be   a   teacher   and   in   1911   obtained   a position at Christ’s Hospital school. Shortly   after   the   outbreak   of   war,   on   the   15 th    September   1914,   he   signed   up   as   Pte   828   in   the   19 th    Bn   Royal   Fusiliers   (the   University   & Public Schools Battalion) and was shortly promoted to Lance Corporal – “battalion scout”. His   aim   was   obviously   higher   than   just   an   NCO   role   so   in   October   1914   he   applied   for   a   commission.   This   was   granted   just   a   few   weeks later and on the 26 th  November 1915 he was posted 2 nd  Lieutenant with the 3 rd  Bn Border Regiment. The   3 rd    Battalion   was   a   reserve/training   unit   and   remained   in   England   for   the   course   of   the   war   but   Walter   transferred   to   the   1 st    Bn,   and was   shipped   to   Gallipoli   to   join   the   29 th    Division   on   the   26 th    May   1915.   His   entry   on   the   Marlborough   College   Roll   of   Honour   records   him as   being   wounded   soon   after   landing,   and   the   War   Diary   confirms   this   as   happening   on   the   8 th    June.   He   later   re-joined   his   regiment   was one of the last to be evacuated from the peninsula. In   March   1916   he   shipped   to   France   and   served   as   a   Lieutenant   with   the   Border   Regiment   Special   Reserve   from   3 rd    April.   He   was   at   Ypres between   the   30 th    September   and   the   1 st    October   1916   as   this   is   where   he   won   his   Military   Cross.   The   citation   in   the   London   Gazette   of 14 th    November   1916   reads   “For   conspicuous   gallantry   in   action.   He   led   a   raid   against   the   enemy’s   trenches,   displaying   great   courage   and initiative.   It   was   due   to   his   coolness   and   ability   that   the   raid   was   successful.”       The   War   Diary   is   equally   effusive   in   its   praise   for   the management of this action. He   was   wounded   again   at   the   end   of   October   1916   but   once   again   recovered   and   re-joined   his   regiment.   By   early   1917   he   was   back   with the   1 st    Battalion.According   to   the   War   Diary,   on   the   27 th    January   1917   the   1 st    Bn   Border   Regiment,   in   company   with   the   1 st Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, had orders to attack a section of the enemy position south of Le Transloy, known as the Landwehr Trench. An   artillery   barrage   of   96   eighteen-pounder   guns   with   support   from   30   Australian   howitzers   preceded   the   attack   which   began   at   5.30 am   on   a   750-yard   front.   By   7.00   am   117   prisoners   had   been   taken   and   the   first   and   second   objectives   had   been   captured   with   light casualties.   However   consolidation   on   the   flank   proved   difficult   due   to   frozen   ground,   enemy   shelling   and   sniping,   and   in   all   the   Battalion took   137   casualties,   including   four   Officers   and   ten   Other   Ranks   killed.   Walter   Robinson   was   one   of   those   killed   along   with   his   fellow officers Lieutenants S C Cheverton, and W L Beattie and Second Lieutenant A M  Clark. He   has   no   known   grave   and   is   commemorated   on   the   Thiepval   Memorial.   He   is   also   remembered,   for   reasons   that   are   not   at   all   obvious, in the Roll of Honour of St Bee’s School in Cumberland. For his service he was awarded the 1914/15 Star, the Victory Medal and the British War Medal. His service record survives and can be found at the National Archives in Kew. .
The Fallen